Archive for May, 2012

2012 Orange Prize Goes to ‘The Song of Achilles’

Thursday, May 31st, 2012

2012 Orange Prize Goes to ‘The Song of Achilles’

Madeline Miller, the 8-1 outsider last night won the 2012 – and last – Orange Prize for Fiction with her debut novel The Song of Achilles (Bloomsbury), becoming the fourth American in a row to take home the £30,000 cheque and the bronze “Bessie” figurine, both anonymously endowed.

Joanna Trollope, Chair of Judges, described it as “more than worthy winner – original, passionate, inventive and uplifting. Homer would be proud of her.” The newly celebrated author seemed genuinely surprised and slightly over-wrought. “I’m shaking,” she admitted, as she stepped to the microphone looking for a moment as if she might cry, before revealing that she was wearing a dress loaned to her by Ann Patchett. “I’m humbled and overwhelmed, truly.”

Miller is a classicist who teaches Latin and Greek to high school students.

JoyceWays: Ulysses iPod App | A Piece of Monologue: Literature, Philosophy, Criticism

Tuesday, May 29th, 2012

JoyceWays: Ulysses iPod App | A Piece of Monologue: Literature, Philosophy, Criticism

A James Joyce iPod app is scheduled for introduction at Dublin’s James Joyce Center on June 14, two days before Bloomsday:

It’s six chapters from Ulysses; it’s twenty locations from Dubliners; it’s fifteen of Joycean hostelries. It’s got over 100 spots from Ulysses. Each comes with excerpts from the works glossed with expert criticism, quirky facts, and contemporary images. We’ve tried very hard to be open to the beginner, but not boring to the expert. We set out to to bring Joyce to everyone, yet never be condescending. We set out to be informative, even erudite, but with a common touch. We really hope we’ve succeeded.

 

55 years later, Kerouac novel finally is a movie

Monday, May 28th, 2012

55 years later, Kerouac novel finally is a movie | The Columbia Daily Tribune – Columbia, Missouri

Fifty-five years after its publication, Jack Kerouac’s “On the Road” finally is burning on the big screen.

Marlon Brando, Jean-Luc Godard and Brad Pitt have all circled the classic 1957 novel over the past six decades, but Walter Salles’ adaptation is the first to actually get made. . . .

“On the Road” premiered Wednesday at the Cannes Film Festival, far away from the American roads crisscrossed by Sal Paradise and Dean Moriarty, the characters modeled on Kerouac and Neal Cassady, respectively.

Read about all the work that went into making an accurate re-creation of the early days of the Beat generation.

Monday Miscellany

Monday, May 28th, 2012

This week’s link round-up:

  • The 42 Best Lines from Douglas Adams’ The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy Series: I’m sorry that I missed Towel Day on May 25, the annual celebration of the life and work of Douglas Adams, but I’ve put it on the literary calendar so I won’t forget next year. In honor of the just-past Towel Day, Book Riot offered a list of quotations that encapsulate Adams’s voice.
  • Just in time for the annual kick-off of summer vacations, NPR has a couple of lists of recommendations for your leisure reading: (1) 15 Summer Reads Handpicked By Indie Booksellers and (2) Nancy Pearl Unearths Great Summer Reads. At the bottom of each page you’ll find links to a couple of additional lists.
  • Myth as theory:

    A goal of criticism, ultimately, is not to create the terms that define greatness, but to examine and understand what’s already there, and to devise a useful, flexible framework for discussion. Ultimately, the interest in useful criticism is in how and why a body of work succeeds or fails in their operation, not establishing conditions that would exist before a book is written.

 

Photo: Do You Know How Long to Wash Your Hands?

Friday, May 25th, 2012

Wash Up and Sing

I did not know this bit of useful information. Thanks to Bob Evans.

Kurt Vonnegut on How to Write a Good Story

Thursday, May 24th, 2012

Kurt Vonnegut narrates his eight tips on how to write a good story:

  1. Use the time of a total stranger in such a way that he or she will not feel the time was wasted.
  2. Give the reader at least one character he or she can root for.
  3. Every character should want something, even if it is only a glass of water.
  4. Every sentence must do one of two things—reveal character or advance the action.
  5. Start as close to the end as possible.
  6. Be a sadist. No matter how sweet and innocent your leading characters, make awful things happen to them, in order that the reader may see what they are made of.
  7. Write to please just one person. If you open a window and make love to the world, so to speak, your story will get pneumonia.
  8. Give your readers as much information as possible as soon as possible. To hell with suspense. Readers should have such complete understanding of what is going on, where and why, that they could finish the story themselves, should cockroaches eat the last few pages.

 

Photo of the Day: Snappy

Wednesday, May 23rd, 2012
Snappy

Snappy

Meet Snappy.

On a recent bike ride my husband came upon this big snapping turtle on the sidewalk. After photographing him head-on, he tried to get a side view. But every time he moved to get a different perspective, Snappy moved, too, to maintain their face-off.

‘Things Fall Apart’ named one of the world’s 50 Most Influential Books

Wednesday, May 23rd, 2012

‘Things Fall Apart’ named one of the world’s 50 Most Influential Books : Ghana Business News

An academic group based in San Antonio, Texas, USA, calling itself SuperScholar, has listed prolific Nigerian writer, Chinua Achebe’s, bestseller, ‘Things Fall Apart’, now a movie with veteran Nigerian actor Pete Edoche starring as the lead character Obi Okonkwo, as one of the ‘50 Most Influential Books of the last 50 years’.

* * *

Explaining how they came by the list, the editors at SuperScholar said they “tried to provide a window into the culture of the last 50 years.”

“Ideally, if you read every book on this list, you will know how we got to where we are today. Not all the books on this list are “great.” The criterion for inclusion was not greatness but INFLUENCE. All the books on this list have been enormously influential,” they added.

Be sure to check out the entire list, which includes everything from Dan Brown’s The Da Vinci Code and J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series to Quotations from Chairman Mao and The Autobiography of Malcolm X. And, oh yes, one of my all-time favorites, To Kill a Mockingbird.

Monday Miscellany: Can Reading Fiction Make You a Better Person?

Monday, May 21st, 2012

The answer is apparently yes.

woman reading

A study conducted at Ohio State University suggests that “When you ‘lose yourself’ inside the world of a fictional character while reading a story, you may actually end up changing your own behavior and thoughts to match that of the character.”

Co-authors of the study are Geoff Kaufman, who led the study as a graduate student at Ohio State and is now a postdoctoral researcher at Dartmouth College, and Lisa Libby, assistant professor of psychology at OSU. Their work:

examined what happened to people who, while reading a fictional story, found themselves feeling the emotions, thoughts, beliefs and internal responses of one of the characters as if they were their own – a phenomenon the researchers call “experience-taking.”

“Experience-taking changes us by allowing us to merge our own lives with those of the characters we read about, which can lead to good outcomes,” said Kaufman. But “Experience-taking doesn’t happen all the time. It only occurs when people are able, in a sense, to forget about themselves and their own self-concept and self-identity while reading,” he explained. In other words, experience-taking occurs when readers lose sight of their own self-concept and sense of identity and assume the fictional character’s identity.

In one experiment Kaufman and Libby found that “people who strongly identified with a fictional character who overcame obstacles to vote were significantly more likely to vote in a real election several days later.”

In another experiment, people who went through this experience-taking process while reading about a character who was revealed to be of a different race or sexual orientation showed more favorable attitudes toward the other group and were less likely to stereotype.

Experience-taking while reading fiction is a powerful event because readers are not conscious of the process while it’s occurring; it happens outside of their awareness. Anyone who has ever “gotten lost in a good book” has had this experience. It’s part of what makes reading a good book so enjoyable and so compelling.

Libby said experience-taking is different from perspective-taking, where people try to understand what another person is going though in a particular situation – but without losing sight of their own identity.

“Experience-taking is much more immersive – you’ve replaced yourself with the other,” she said.

Reference:

Kaufman, G. F., & Libby, L. K. (2012, March 26). Changing Beliefs and Behavior Through Experience-Taking. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/a0027525

However, columnist Russell Smith, in The [Toronto] Globe and Mail, disagrees. He sums up much of the recent research on how reading fiction affects the brain:

A psychology professor at the University of Toronto, Keith Oatley is an expert on these studies and publishes an online magazine, OnFiction, that lists all the recent analyses in this area. One of his own well-known experiments involved getting some participants to read a famous Chekov story and the others to read a rewritten “documentary” or non-fiction version of it. Those who read it as fiction scored higher on empathy tests afterward.

Dr. Oatley, who is by coincidence a published novelist himself, is often quoted by popular media around the world; he is a great proponent of the idea that fiction can give one a better understanding of the motivations of others. His idea is that the identification with characters that happens during narratives is a kind of brain training: With a lot of practice, you gain expertise in the area of other points of view.

But, Smith argues, history does not justify such conclusions: “We know that some of the most educated and artistic civilizations in history have been the most cruel.” Furthermore, he argues, if reading stories can affect our morality, isn’t it just as likely to corrupt us as to enlighten us?

What about stories that denounce or deride empathy, that describe success and social order through sheer self-centredness (e.g. Ayn Rand)? And couldn’t empathy for the wicked lead us astray? Is it good for us to empathize with the hero of American Psycho? Isn’t this exactly what conservatives argue when they restrict high-school reading lists to the morally uplifting?

Smith therefore concludes:

Look, I think reading is good for you in all kinds of intellectual ways but I would avoid telling young people it makes you better – I am more likely to tell young people that it is morally really bad for you. And it well might be, with all the wickedness and lust and moral unease that complex stories portray.

Meanwhile, Laura Miller also addresses these issues in Can You Identify? over at Salon. She summarizes the Ohio State researchers’ findings:

The Ohio State researchers gave 70 heterosexual male readers stories about a college student much like themselves. In one version, the character was straight. In another, the character is described as gay early in the story. In a third version the character is gay, but this isn’t revealed until near the end. In each case, the readers’ “experience-taking” — the name these researchers have given to the act of immersing oneself in the perspective, thoughts and emotions of a story’s protagonist — was measured.

The straight readers were far more likely to take on the experience of the main character if they weren’t told until late in the story that he was different from themselves. This, too, is not so surprising. Human beings are notorious for extending more of their sympathy to people they perceive as being of their own kind. But the researchers also found that readers of the “gay-late” story showed “significantly more favorable attitudes toward homosexuals” than the other two groups of readers, and that they were less likely to attribute stereotypically gay traits, such as effeminacy, to the main character. The “gay-late” story actually reduced their biases (conscious or not) against gays, and made them more empathetic. Similar results were found when white readers were given stories about black characters to read.

Miller then argues that publishers are routinely withholding information about non-white characters in literature by putting pictures of white people on book covers.

Of course, not all readers are white or straight, and the ones who aren’t deeply appreciate novels that advertise the diversity of their characters. It’s about time they got heroes and heroines who looked like them, and novels that speak to their distinctive experiences. They have been identifying with characters across the boundaries of race, gender and sexual orientation from time immemorial, and are masters of the art, but understandably they’d like to give their ninja skills a rest. Furthermore, there are also white readers who prefer variety in their fiction or are deliberately trying to correct the imbalances of the past.

Fiction shouldn’t have to trick (Miller’s term) readers into empathy and understanding for its characters.

Amazon Announces the Most Well-Read Cities in the U.S.

Tuesday, May 15th, 2012

Amazon Media Room: Press Releases.

Alexandria, VA, tops Amazon’s list, with Richmond, VA, rounding out the list at #20. In between are, well, a lot of other cities, including my own current hometown, St. Louis, at #18.

Berkeley, CA, residents bought the most travel books, while Cambridge, MA, can boast the most entrepreneurs.